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Charles J. Meder Library
Finger Lakes Community College
Access to Electronic Information Policy
Policy Number: B-12

Approval Date: September 2011

Policy Statement
Finger Lakes Community College shall enforce a course of action for the responsible use of the Charles J. Meder Library.

The FLCC Library requires that users shall abide by the following Guidelines for Responsible Use:

  1. Access the Library's network software and databases for educational and informational purposes only (research and class assignments take precedence over "surfing"; game playing, e-mail or social network sites)
  2. Not engage in the unauthorized copying of software or tampering with installed software, terminal settings or network configurations (the addition of bookmarks, shortcuts, programs, etc. is prohibited)
  3. Refrain from practices that interfere with fair public use of the Internet (including, but not limited to, hacking and/or spreading computer viruses)
  4. Obey laws and regulations relative to copyright, licensed software and data - U.S. copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code) prohibits the unauthorized reproduction or distribution of copyrighted materials, except as permitted by the principles of "fair use." Users may not copy or distribute electronic materials (including electronic mail, text, images, programs, or data) without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. All responsibility for any consequences of copyright infringement lies with the user. The FLCC Library disclaims liability or responsibility resulting from such use.
  5. Spend a maximum of thirty minutes using a Library workstation when other users are waiting
  6. Limit printing to twenty-five pages during any session
  7. Not use library resources to intimidate or harass based upon gender, race, religion, ethnicity or sexual orientation

When using the Library's computer resources, a person is agreeing to abide by established guidelines. The Library reserves the right to extend, limit, restrict or remove privileges. Violations of the guidelines and engaging in certain prohibited practices may be subject to the suspension of Library privileges, disciplinary action by the College and civil and/or criminal prosecution.

FLCC Library staff has no control over the vast array of information resources available on the Internet. The Internet is a global entity with a highly diverse user population and information content. The Library cannot censor access to materials or protect users from materials they may find offensive. In choosing sources to link to the library’s home page, the College follows generally accepted library selection procedures. Beyond this, the College does not monitor or control information accessible through the Internet and does not accept responsibility for its content. The College is not responsible for changes in content of the sources to which we link.

As with printed information, not all sources on the Internet provide accurate, complete, or current information. Users should evaluate Internet sources just as they do printed publications, questioning the validity of the information provided.

Reason for Policy
This policy is intended to ensure appropriate use of library resources in compliance with applicable state and federal laws and regulations.

Applicability of the Policy
All Library patrons (college employees, students and community members) should be familiar with this policy.

Electronic information refers to any electronic resource that is made available by or is accessible through the Charles J. Meder Library.

Related Documents

No separate procedures statement

Forms/Online Processes


Charles J. Meder Library
Finger Lakes Community College
Collection Development Policy
Policy Number: B-10

Approval Date: September 2011
Date of most recent revision: November 2012

Policy Contents

Policy Statement
Reason for Policy
Applicability of the Policy
Formats Collected
A. Monographs
B. Media
C. Electronic Resources
D. Serials
Special Collections
A. Archives
B. Government Documents
C. Law
Interlibrary Loan
Collection Evaluation/Weeding


Forms/Online Processes

Appendix A. Copyright
Appendix B. Library Bill of Rights
Appendix C. Freedom to Read
Appendix D. Freedom to View

Policy Statement
The primary objective of collection development activities at the Charles J. Meder Library is to build and maintain a library collection that supports the Finger Lakes Community College undergraduate curriculum. The library directly supports teaching, research and service by developing and organizing relevant collections, providing access to information resources regardless of location or format, and instructing patrons in the effective use of information resources. Librarians of the Charles J. Meder Library will select and manage materials in print and other media to meet current and long-term teaching, research and administrative needs of the Finger Lakes Community College community.

The main language of the collection is English. Foreign language material will be collected on a limited basis, and this mainly to support the foreign languages taught at the College. In general, the policy is not to collect duplicate materials. Exceptions will include heavily used materials and gifts that are determined to be useful.

Reason for Policy
This Collection Development policy is for the building and preservation of effective, high-quality collections, and for providing appropriate electronic access to information. This collection development policy is a statement of principles and guidelines used by the Charles J. Meder Library in the selection, acquisition, evaluation, and maintenance of library materials.

This policy is a guide, not immutable law, and exceptions should be made to admit valuable materials whenever adequately justified by the interests of the library and the college.

Applicability of the Policy
All students and Academic & Student Affairs division personnel should be familiar with this policy.


Related Documents


Selection Responsibility
College librarians will manage materials in print and other media to meet current and long-term teaching, research and administrative needs of the College community.

Faculty members are encouraged to make acquisition suggestions that support their current and planned courses. Students, staff and community members are also encouraged to make suggestions regarding the acquisition of materials.

Formats Collected

Criteria used for selection of materials (not in rank order)

  • Reputation of author/creator
  • Significance of subject matter
  • Accuracy of information and data
  • Literary merit or artistic quality
  • Importance to total collection
  • Potential or known use to patrons
  • Appearance in important bibliographies, lists and review media
  • Authoritativeness of publisher or producer
  • Readability and clarity
  • Scarcity of material on subject
  • Physical condition/technical quality
  • Representation of various interests and viewpoints
  • Availability of material elsewhere in the region
  • Appropriateness of format to purpose
  • Date of publication
  • Price

Media materials are evaluated using the same basic criteria as monographs. Also taken into consideration are:

  • Suitability of format
  • Quality of the production
  • College's ability to provide the needed equipment

Media materials are fully cataloged as part of the library collection.

Electronic Resources
As more information becomes available through fee-based electronic services and the Internet, the library will strive to provide access to materials that best match the needs of FLCC students. The library will continue to receive hard copy journals and reference sources, but will augment these collections with electronic resources, many of which serve as indices to the hard copy, or provide the full text of information online.

As funds allow, decisions will be made to purchase electronic resources based on gaps in the current resources, the amount of information included in the packages, and the ease of use. Electronic resources will be selected to match programs offered at the College and the needs of the greater community. When making electronic purchases, librarians will consider the recommendations of the State University of New York (SUNY) and the Rochester Regional Library Council (RRLC), but will also rely on their own research and experience.

Serials differ from monographs in that a serial subscription is an ongoing financial commitment. In addition, serials prices have historically increased at a rate that far exceeds such standard economic indicators as the Consumer Price Index. Great care must be taken to ensure that the Library's ongoing commitment to serials does not consume a disproportionate share of the total acquisitions budget and requests for new serial subscriptions will be considered very carefully. Generally, a new serial subscription will not be entered unless another subscription of similar expense can be canceled.

Back runs of serials are purchased only when deemed necessary or as the budget permits. Some or all of the following criteria are used in evaluating titles for acquisition or cancellation:

  • Strength of the existing collection in the title's subject area
  • Support of present academic curriculum
  • Present use of other serials in this subject area
  • Projected future use
  • Cost
  • Reputation of journal and the publisher
  • Inclusion in a reliable indexing source
  • Number of recent interlibrary loan requests for this serial

Special Collections

The archives collection consists of gifts from the community and materials related to the history and administration of the College.

Government Documents
The library selectively collects federal and New York State documents. Also acquired are titles from other governmental units in the local area, including but not limited to Canandaigua and Ontario County. All items are catalogued and added to the main or reference collections. Government publications are available through interlibrary loan from area depository libraries.

In 1998, through the NYS Office of Court Administration, Seventh Judicial District, the library was designated as a site for the Koeppel Library of Law Books. This collection consists primarily of New York legal texts and Nolo Press publications for the non-lawyer.

Interlibrary Loan
The library cannot be expected to meet all demands; however, library users should be able to conduct research using the library collection. When additional materials are needed, the Rochester Regional Library Council and other interlibrary loan systems are available.

The Charles J. Meder Library welcomes gifts of books, journals, and items in other formats, as well as gifts of money for the purchase of library materials. Gifts are generally expected to supplement existing collections in support of the College's programs and teaching, or to provide the Library with a core of materials of interest to the college community or to other library patrons. To be accepted, all gifts must fall within guidelines of the Library's collection development policies.

Before accepting any gift, Library staff will carefully review the material in order to determine its suitability for the Library's collections. If a gift is declined, staff will suggest potential alternative institutions or collections.

Once a gift has been accepted, it becomes the property of the Library. Items may be added to the collection or offered to other libraries through the Gifts & Exchange program, or otherwise disposed of. In general, duplicates or items in poor condition are not retained. Donors may not impose restrictions on use of their gifts. Internal Revenue Service Regulations prohibit the Library from appraising gifts.

Collection Evaluation/Weeding
The removal of materials from the collection is an integral and ongoing aspect of collection management. Titles are recommended for removal only after adequate analysis of their potential continued value to the collection. Monitoring and weeding the collection is the responsibility of the librarians.

Candidates for withdrawal include:

  • Superseded editions
  • Materials which cannot be repaired, or for which the cost of preservation exceeds the usefulness of the information contained
  • Older titles, in areas where currency of data is important
  • Outdated formats

Forms/Online Processes

Appendix A. Copyright
Appendix B. Library Bill of Rights
Appendix C. Freedom to Read
Appendix D. Freedom to View

Appendix A. Copyright

The Charles J. Meder Library complies with all provisions of the U.S. Copyright Law (17 U.S.C.) and its amendments. The library supports the Fair Use section of the Copyright Law (17 U.S.C. §107) which permits and protects citizens' rights to reproduce and make use of copyrighted works for the purposes for teaching, scholarship, and research.

Appendix B. Library Bill of Rights

The Council of the American Library Association reaffirms its belief in the following basic policies which should govern the services of all libraries:

  1. As a responsibility of library service, books and other library materials selected should be chosen for values of interest, information and enlightenment of all the people of the community. In no case should library materials be excluded because of the race or nationality or the social, political, or religious views of the authors.
  2. Libraries should provide books and other materials presenting all points of view concerning the problems and issues of our times; no library materials should be proscribed or removed from libraries because of partisan or doctrinal disapproval.
  3. Censorship should be challenged by libraries in the maintenance of their responsibility to provide public information and enlightenment.
  4. Libraries should cooperate with all persons and groups concerned with resisting abridgement of free expression and free access to ideas.
  5. The rights of an individual to the use of a library should not be denied or abridged because of his age, race, religion, national origins or social or political views.
  6. As an institution of education for democratic living, the library should welcome the use of its meeting rooms for socially useful and cultural activities and discussion of current public questions. Such meeting places should be available on equal terms to all groups in the community regardless of the beliefs and affiliations of their members, provided that the meetings be open to the public.

Adopted June 18, 1948.

Amended February 2, 1961 and June 27, 1967 by the ALA Council.

Appendix C. Freedom to Read

The Freedom to Read

The freedom to read is essential to our democracy. It is continuously under attack. Private groups and public authorities in various parts of the country are working to remove books from sale, to censor textbooks, to label "controversial" books, to distribute lists of "objectionable" books or authors, and to purge libraries. These actions apparently rise from a view that our national tradition of free expression is no longer valid; that censorship and suppression are needed to avoid the subversion of politics and the corruption of morals. We, as citizens devoted to the use of books and as librarians and publishers responsible for disseminating them, wish to assert the public interest in the preservation of the freedom to read.

We are deeply concerned about these attempts at suppression. Most such attempts rest on a denial of the fundamental premise of democracy: that the ordinary citizen, by exercising his critical judgment, will accept the good and reject the bad. The censors, public and private, assume that they should determine what is good and what is bad for their fellow citizens.

We trust Americans to recognize propaganda, and to reject it. We do not believe they need the help of censors to assist them in this task. We do not believe they are prepared to sacrifice their heritage of a free press in order to be "protected" against what others think may be bad for them. We believe they still favor free enterprise in ideas and expression.

We are aware, of course, that books are not alone in being subjected to efforts at suppression. We are aware that these efforts are related to a larger pattern of pressures being brought against education, the press, films, radio, and television. The problem is not only one of actual censorship. The shadow of fear cast by these pressures leads, we suspect, to an even larger voluntary curtailment of expression by those who seek to avoid controversy.

Such pressure toward conformity is perhaps natural to a time of uneasy change and pervading fear. Especially when so many of our apprehensions are directed against an ideology, the expression of a dissident idea becomes a thing feared in itself, and we tend to move against it as against a hostile deed, with suppression.

And yet suppression is never more dangerous than in such a time of social tension. Freedom has given the United States the elasticity to endure strain. Freedom keeps open the path of novel and creative solutions, and enables change to come by choice. Every silencing of a heresy, every enforcement of an orthodoxy, diminishes the toughness and resilience of our society and leaves it the less able to deal with stress.

Now as always in our history, books are among our greatest instruments of freedom. They are almost the only means for making generally available ideas or manners of expression that can initially command only a small audience. They are the natural medium for the new idea and the untried voice from which come the original contributions to social growth. They are essential to the extended discussion which serious thought requires, and to the accumulation of knowledge and ideas into organized collections.

We believe that free communication is essential to the preservation of a free society and a creative culture. We believe that these pressures towards conformity present the danger of limiting the range and variety of inquiry and expression on which our democracy and our culture depend. We believe that every American community must jealously guard the freedom to publish and to circulate, in order to preserve its own freedom to read. We believe that publishers and librarians have a profound responsibility to give validity to that freedom to read by making it possible for the readers to choose freely from a variety of offerings.

The freedom to read is guaranteed by the Constitution. Those with faith in free people will stand firm on these constitutional guarantees of essential rights and will exercise the responsibilities that accompany these rights.

We therefore affirm these propositions:

1. It is in the public interest for publishers and librarians to make available the widest diversity of views and expressions, including those which are unorthodox or unpopular with the majority.

Creative thought is by definition new, and what is new is different. The bearer of every new thought is a rebel until that idea is refined and tested. Totalitarian systems attempt to maintain themselves in power by the ruthless suppression of any concept which challenges the established orthodoxy. The power of a democratic system to adapt to change is vastly strengthened by the freedom of its citizens to choose widely from among conflicting opinions offered freely to them. To stifle every nonconformist idea at birth would mark the end of the democratic process. Furthermore, only through the constant activity of weighing and selecting can the democratic mind attain the strength demanded by times like these. We need to know not only what we believe but why we believe it.

2. Publishers, librarians, and booksellers do not need to endorse every idea or presentation contained in the books they make available. It would conflict with the public interest for them to establish their own political, moral, or aesthetic views as a standard for determining what books should be published or circulated.

Publishers and librarians serve the educational process by helping to make available knowledge and ideas required for the growth of the mind and the increase of learning. They do not foster education by imposing as mentors the patterns of their own thought. The people should have the freedom to read and consider a broader range of ideas than those that may be held by any single librarian or publisher or government or church. It is wrong that what one can read should be confined to what another thinks proper.

3. It is contrary to the public interest for publishers or librarians to determine the acceptability of a book on the basis of the personal history or political affiliations of the author.

A book should be judged as a book. No art or literature can flourish if it is to be measured by the political views or private lives of its creators. No society of free men can flourish which draws up lists of writers to whom it will not listen, whatever they may have to say.

4. There is no place in our society for efforts to coerce the taste of others, to confine adults to the reading matter deemed suitable for adolescents, or to inhibit the efforts of writers to achieve artistic expression.

To some, much of modern literature is shocking. But is not much of life itself shocking? We cut off literature at the source if we prevent writers from dealing with the stuff of life. Parents and teachers have a responsibility to prepare the young to meet the diversity of experiences in life to which they will be exposed, as they have a responsibility to help them learn to think critically for themselves. These are affirmative responsibilities, not to be discharged simply by preventing them from reading works for which they are not yet prepared. In these matters taste differs, and taste cannot be legislated; nor can machinery be devised which will suit the demands of one group without limiting the freedom of others.

5. It is not in the public interest to force a reader to accept with any book the prejudgment of a label characterizing the book or author as subversive or dangerous.

The idea of labeling presupposes the existence of individuals or groups with wisdom to determine by authority what is good or bad for the citizen. It presupposes that each individual must be directed in making up his mind about the ideas he examines. But Americans do not need others to do their thinking for them.

6. It is the responsibility of publishers and librarians, as guardians of the people's freedom to read, to contest encroachments upon that freedom by individuals or groups seeking to impose their own standards or tastes upon the community at large.

It is inevitable in the give and take of the democratic process that the political, the moral, or the aesthetic concepts of an individual or group will occasionally collide with those of another individual or group. In a free society each individual is free to determine for himself what he wishes to read, and each group is free to determine what it will recommend to its freely associated members. But no group has the right to take the law into its own hands, and to impose its own concept of politics or morality upon other members of a democratic society. Freedom is no freedom if it is accorded only to the accepted and the inoffensive.

7. It is the responsibility of publishers and librarians to give full meaning to the freedom to read by providing books that enrich the quality and diversity of thought and expression. By the exercise of this affirmative responsibility, bookmen can demonstrate that the answer to a bad book is a good one, the answer to a bad idea is a good one.

The freedom to read is of little consequence when expended on the trivial; it is frustrated when the reader cannot obtain matter fit for his purpose. What is needed is not only the absence of restraint, but the positive provision of opportunity for the people to read the best that has been thought and said. Books are the major channel by which the intellectual inheritance is handed down, and the principal means of its testing and growth. The defense of their freedom and integrity, and the enlargement of their service to society, requires of all bookmen the utmost of their faculties, and deserves of all citizens the fullest of their support.

We state these propositions neither lightly nor as easy generalizations. We here stake out a lofty claim for the value of books. We do so because we believe that they are good, possessed of enormous variety and usefulness, worthy of cherishing and keeping free. We realize that the application of these propositions may mean the dissemination of ideas and manners of expression that are repugnant to many persons.

We do not state these propositions in the comfortable belief that what people read is unimportant. We believe rather that what people read is deeply important; that ideas can be dangerous; but that the suppression of ideas is fatal to a democratic society. Freedom itself is a dangerous way of life but it is ours.

This statement was originally issued in May of 1953 by the Westchester Conference of the American Library Association and the American Book Publishers Council, which in 1970 consolidated with the American Educational Publishers Institute to become the Association of American Publishers.

Adopted June 15, 1953; revised January 28, 1972, by the ALA Council.

Appendix D. Freedom to View

The Freedom to View

The freedom to view along with the freedom to speak, hear, and to read, is protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. In a free society, there is no place for censorship of any medium of expression. Therefore, we affirm these principles:

1. It is in the public interest to provide the broadest possible access to films and other audiovisual materials because they have proven to be among the most effective means for the communication of ideas. Liberty of circulation is essential to insure the constitutional guarantee of freedom of expression.

2. It is in the public interest to provide for our audiences, films and other audiovisual materials which represent a diversity of views and expression. Selection of a work does not constitute or imply agreement with or approval of the content.

3. It is our professional responsibility to resist the constraint of labeling or prejudging a film on the basis of the moral, religious, or political beliefs of the producer or filmmaker or on the basis of controversial content.

4. It is our professional responsibility to contest vigorously, by all lawful means, every encroachment upon the public's freedom to view.

Adopted February, 1979, by the Educational Film Library Association, and in June, 1979, by the ALA Council.

Only one thing is impossible for God: to find any sense in any copyright law on the planet.

Mark Twain
23 May 1903

Charles J. Meder Library
Finger Lakes Community College
Copyright Policy
Policy Number: B-11

Approval Date: September 2011
Date of most recent revision: November 2012

Policy Statement

Users of FLCC Library resources are required to comply with U.S. copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code), which prohibits the unauthorized reproduction or distribution of copyrighted materials, except as permitted by the principles of "fair use." Users may not copy or distribute print or electronic materials (including electronic mail, text, images, programs, or data) without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

Liability for copyright infringement may not be imposed on the library or its employees for unsupervised use of reproducing equipment located on its premises, provided that such equipment displays a notice that making copies may be subject to copyright law (17 U.S.C. §108f).

Reason for Policy
This policy serves as a guide concerning the reproduction of materials in the Charles J. Meder Library, in accordance with the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, US Code) including the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (October 1998). Permission to copy this policy for non-commercial educational use is freely granted.

Applicability of the Policy
All College employees and students should be familiar with this policy.


Intent of Copyright
The U.S. Constitution grants Congress the power "to promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive rights to their respective writings and discoveries." The purpose of copyright is to further knowledge for the public good by providing authors with an economic incentive to publish their works. The intended beneficiary of copyright is the public; the author's gain is incidental except insofar as it functions as an incentive.

Public Domain/Duration of Copyright
  1. Depending on when and whether a work was published, the duration of copyright may vary. Numerous resources are available to help determine whether a particular work is still covered by copyright, or has entered the public domain. See, for example, Duration of Copyright from the United States Copyright Office ( and Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States from the Cornell Copyright Information Center (
  2. If a work is a United States Government publication, copyright protection is generally not available (17 U.S.C. §105). Nevertheless, a limited number of U.S. government publications may be copyrighted under special circumstances.

Fair Use
In recognition that the unrestricted flow of information is vital to a free society, the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits actions that could abridge freedom of speech or of the press. Because information flows in more than one direction, The First Amendment guarantees both the right to express information and the right to receive it. Copyright, too, is intended to promote the sharing of ideas, but because it employs restrictions on the expression of ideas as an economic stimulus to their dissemination, copyright may come to conflict with the greater purpose of the First Amendment. The doctrine of fair use represents an attempt to strike a balance between the requirements of the First Amendment and appropriate compensation to authors as protected by copyright, 17 U.S.C. §107 states that copyrighted materials may be reproduced under special circumstances that constitute fair use. Among the factors to be included in the consideration of what constitutes fair use are:

  1. The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit education purposes;
  2. The nature of the copyrighted work;
  3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
  4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

As a non-profit, publicly supported institution, Finger Lakes Community College exists to advance knowledge through research, to disseminate knowledge through teaching and to provide service to the public for continued learning. The Library’s collections contain materials intended for the academic community and, as such, are of a nature appropriate to claims for fair use. Authors and publishers are compensated for their initial production costs in the purchase price of a publication. They have not, however, found it profitable to support publications for the long term. Thus most publications go out of print and become unavailable after a relatively short time. The responsibility for preserving information indefinitely has fallen to libraries; therefore, the reproduction of otherwise unavailable materials within the library collection can have no significant adverse economic impact on the potential market for or value of the material.

Related Documents


Copyright and New Technology
Copyright functioned most effectively when the means of reproduction was available to a limited number of agents with the requisite skills and equipment. In recent years technological developments have made it possible for almost anyone to make reproductions in a variety of formats. The Copyright Law along with the Digital Millennium Copyright Act is intended to address the needs of emerging technologies. The FLCC Library will continue to take full advantage of new technologies to further the College’s educational mission.

At the request of a faculty member, photocopies of articles or chapters of books may be placed on reserve. Under the fair use guidelines, photocopies of these materials may be made without permission from the copyright owner. Three to five copies (one for every 10-15 students in the class) is the number recommended in the ALA Model Policy Concerning College and University Photocopying for Classroom, Research and Library Reserve Use (March 1982). More than 5 copies of articles or parts of copyrighted works may be put on reserve only with written permission of the copyright holder. Articles and chapters photocopied from copyrighted publications and bound into an anthology may not be accepted by the Library for the reserve collection unless accompanied by letters of permission from the copyright holders. Material that has been photocopied by the Library for the express purpose of being put on reserve will be the property of the Library and will be retained for a specified time period. If the material has not been requested during that time, it will be removed.

Interlibrary Loan
The Library endeavors to provide maximum participation in the interlibrary loan process for both Finger Lakes Community College users and for other libraries that ask us to provide materials to fill their users' requests. At the same time, the Library attempts to follow the guidelines formulated by the National Commission on New Technological Uses of Copyrighted Works (commonly referred to as the CONTU guidelines) to address the dilemma of copying as is might apply to the interlibrary loan process. Though these guidelines are merely recommendations and may not carry the force of law, the FLCC Library adheres to CONTU along with a majority of ILL departments at other institutions because these guidelines uphold the fair use doctrine. The guidelines allow the Library to obtain five journal articles per title from the last five years free from royalty considerations, and do not place restrictions on articles over five years old. In those cases when the Library exceeds this limit, the ILL department shall use either the Copyright Clearance Center or a commercial document supplier.

Interlibrary loan operations consist of two distinct functions: borrowing and lending. CONTU guidelines apply to both functions; however, responsibility for compliance falls primarily on the borrowing library.

  1. Borrowing: All requests for materials not available in the Charles J. Meder Library are referred to the ILL department. ILL staff will attempt to obtain material not owned by the Library without violating copyright law by using the Copyright Clearance Center or commercial document delivery if necessary.
  2. Lending: Since the guidelines state that the requesting library shall maintain records of all requests it makes for copies, the staff will fill any request for a photocopy of an article as long as copyright compliance is indicated on the request form (CCG or CCL) by the requesting library.

Copyright Clearance Center
Charles J. Meder Library is registered with the Copyright Clearance Center, which gives immediate authorization to copy articles beyond the CONTU five-in-five rule. This is a not-for-profit service that collects and distributes the royalty fees.

Media Collection
The Charles J. Meder Library follows the general copyright policy for all media materials. Complete copyrighted media materials will not be duplicated without written permission or appropriate license agreement from the producer. If the material is out of print and no longer available from a distributor, duplication shall be allowed. All requests for off-air, cable, or satellite transmissions will be referred to the IT/Educational Technology department.

Digital Resources
Digital materials account for a growing proportion of resources at the Charles J. Meder Library. The Library's copyright policy is based on the premise that the protections afforded to the creators of original works are not affected by the physical form in which the works are preserved. The benefits of copyright should not depend on the type of storage media. Therefore, the copyright protection afforded to printed, recorded and broadcast materials applies equally to electronically published materials. However, while in print and traditional audio and video materials the Copyright Law (Title 17, US Code) is used to consider violations of copyright, in the world of the Internet the Digital Millennium Copyright Act now applies.

In accordance with the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (October 1998), all databases and software used in the Library must have signed licenses or contracts. The contracts should cover browsing, transmitting within the campus environment, displaying, downloading and printing reasonable portions of the database for educational use.

Forms/Online Processes